A retired municipal judgem Reynolds holds a degree in communications from Northern Illinois University. How to Remove Water Marks from Windowsills, Utah State University Extension: Cleaning, Repairing and Reconditioning Wood Furniture, Wood Zone: Understanding and Using Wood Bleaches, How to Remove Stains From Oak Using Bleach, How to Restore Antique Cherry Wood Furniture, How to Waterproof a Wood Top of a Sink Vanity. Even flooring professionals lose sleep over this process because there are dozens of variables that can make staining go wrong. Protect your hardwood floors by sealing them with products made especially for indoor wood. Hard maple floors offer a nice, light, bright look to a room, and are often paired with matching cabinetry when the home is built. Moisture, chemicals and even fungus can migrate through finishes to make black marks. Rinse the area with clean water, using another cloth, and then pat dry.When the area is perfectly dry, … An avid perennial gardener and old house owner, Laura Reynolds has had careers in teaching and juvenile justice. I am curious about water popping in this situation. They can only be treated by stripping the finish and removing part of the wood’s surface. Well my husband checked under the trailer. Strip a thick layer of urethane with a chemical stripper. Luckily, many brands already offer pre-stained maple hardwood planks, so you don’t really need to go down the DIY staining route, unless you really have a very unique or custom-blend color in mind. It’s possible that your water stain is not a stain at all. How to remove old water stains from wood floors. How can you remove these stains from your flooring, and which is the best way to go? For those of you who don’t know, maple is a tricky wood to stain. Bleach dark stains that sanding does not remove by wiping them with oxalic acid or chlorine bleach and allowing to dry overnight. I would not start over, but rather continue onward. Water will neutralize chlorine residue, but if you’ve used oxalic acid, mix a bucket of neutralizer composed of 4 tablespoons of bicarbonate of soda in 1/2 gallon of water and wipe the surface with it until the powdery residue disappears. Use the fine abrasive pads with the floor buffer to buff, going with the wood grain. I applied several coats of Minwax oil based stain, but the floor will not take enough pigment to make a dark color. It was getting all the floors wet underneath and they were staying wet. From contributor L: I would not start over, but rather continue onward. Many lessons learned. As they are much harder to remove compared to white stains, you’ll have a more challenging time trying to eliminate them. I also use some soft wood such as pine and I am considering cedar. No pain, no gain ... April 21, 2008, KnowledgeBase: Finishing: General Wood Finishing. Unlike white marks, which are caused by damage to the finish, dark stains result from damage -- or stain applied -- to the top layer of the wood. Wipe the wood and allow it to dry. Her six children and stepchildren served as subjects of editorials during her tenure as a local newspaper editor. First of all, soft maple and red maple are typically the same things. If you go on the internet and search for ways to remove pet stains from wood floors, you will find it is an industry unto itself. Fortunately, it’s not impossible – it just requires you to take some time and willpower to do it. This is a bad problem. Allow the vinegar to work into the stain for 5 to 10 minutes. Each piece was sanded with 150 grit sandpaper, and was not treated with any kind of wood conditioner before applying the stain. Why? For you, it may be - so I agree you should consider all before doing this. For both applications the best way to start is by sanding the maple floor flawlessly. Glitsa and Duraseal have stains that contributor R is recommending and he is a credible expert whom you can trust. When you’re sure of the tint you want, prepare the floor to receive the stain by stripping it down to bare wood. Will let dry for a couple of days; then, clean with Murphy’s Wood Soap & hopefully, will be just fine. This way wear will not remove much of your tinting and the whole look is deeper and prettier. I'm trying to decide if I should call it done or try for a little better by spot sanding the remaining dirt/fiber spots totally out, light sanding the rest of the floor, and applying one more final coat. To remove the black stain on your floor, you can use hydrogen peroxide, vinegar, or baking soda. Clean the wood with mineral spirits or turpentine to remove the top layer of wax, grime and degraded finish. Bonakemi is a top producer of clear finishes (though Glitsa and Duraseal may also have such products). When you are only doing one surface of a piece of furniture or section of a floor, mask the rest of the wood with newspaper and painter’s tape. Only if you're willing to do a full scale sample of good size, 4'x4', and feel it would be no problem accomplishing a 500 sq. Add a dust mask when handling powdered oxalic acid or calcium hypochlorite. Educate customers about the difficulties involved in the staining of maple so they are warned of possible appearance issues. Use a 10-percent solution of oxalic acid, sold as crystals, on stains due to the interaction of the tannin in the wood with moisture, metals or fungus. Maple is a difficult wood on which to achieve uniform stain, and the appearance can look as if the stain was not applied evenly. Maple floors and furniture contribute a warm, natural look to a home; they can also pose distinct care challenges. Oil stain on floor from clothes steamer – nasty dark mark on oak hardwood floor. You can use Minwax's polyshades as a glaze, but I'd make my own with clear polyurethane and black pigment. Never sand against the grain of maple or any other wood. This can really give you a jet black look. We had to rip up the floors and tile and replace it all. When the poly tacks up and you overlap, the tackier it's setting up, the more fibers the poly pulls out of the applicator. I think I am going to have to sand it down and restart, but first I need a plan. Before staining or painting maple wood, you should create a mixture of linseed oil and turpentine in like proportions. So now the finish looks much more uniform. When the finish coat is lacquer or another thin finish, proceed directly to sand the finish with fine sandpaper. Use clean dry rags to apply the maple stain evenly. Forum Responses Rob Johnstone: Staining maple to a dark hue, which is very dense and quite light in color, with an oil based or gel-style product is hard work … and in my opinion, not a good idea. This week I done some more testing with stains, this time I tested them on Soft Maple wood. This is because wood density and porosity varies, causing some areas to absorb a lot of stain, with other areas absorbing very little. Use a saturated solution of calcium hypochlorite, a form of chlorine available at pool supply outlets, to remove the dye that is part of stains used on maple. What product do you recommend to seal these products and grit to sand? Soak a cloth and apply to the dark water stain and allow 5 to 10 minutes for it to work. It so much lighter now; hardly noticeable. Lift your spirits with funny jokes, trending memes, entertaining gifs, inspiring stories, viral videos, and so much more. If it’s just a crusty ring of soda, a wood-safe cleaner and an old rag should take it right out. Mold and mildew can get into the wood floors. Hydrogen peroxide will lighten the stain with successive applications. Wear rubber gloves and safety glasses when handling bleaching liquids. Sand the wood’s surface lightly, wipe it with a tack cloth to remove dust and seal it with wood sealer or shellac before re-applying a finish. Both times the stain looks terrible. In your experience, which product - Bona, Glits, or DuraSeal - is most likely to achieve a dark black finish for me? What other options do I have? All the grey wood stain colors were tested on birch plywood, maple, poplar, pine, and oak. Do not sand the floor after stain is applied - only before. What I found in trying to come up with a black dye/stain was that if I used the tannin and iron method and also added the black/brown water soluble dye in with it, I came up with a 2 step process instead of a 4 step process that could be repeated as many times as necessary to obtain the darkest black possible. You control opacity by adding more pigment or by layering more coats or by thinning some coats. So by applying a water solution of tannic acid to the maple and letting dry, you create the means for the chemicals to react with the acidulous wood and darken it - in this case the ferrous sulfate - which will turn it a dark black/grey. Discovering the secret to successfully staining maple floors. Allow 24 hours for the bleach to evaporate and the floor to dry. Immediately take a dry towel and wipe off the excess and allow it to set in and try at least 12 hours before painting. Black stains on hardwood floors can ruin the appearance of an otherwise beautiful hardwood floor. Staining floors, especially for first-time do-it-yourselfers, is a tricky business. Have 1 person put the stain on, and another to spread it and wipe up spills and pools. Violets and blues and greens are sometimes used to make black. Q: We just finished sanding and staining our maple floor for the second time. I have other ways to obtain this but this is the safest one for general use. And when it does go wrong, the only solution is to re-sand the floor and start all over from the beginning. Wipe dark areas of the floor with mineral spirits or acetone to lift the stain from the wood. My suggestion is to use a solvent base system you can both apply and sand smooth, for there will be some grain raising, but this can be minimized if you wet the wood surface with water to pre-raise the grain before your final sand. Dust Collection, Safety and Plant Operation, Job Opportunities and Woodworking Services, Black belt finishers display their chops on an unusual problem: staining a maple floor black. On some woods, a black dye or a black pigmented stain will still show the background color of the wood through the stains. Lockwood makes excellent products and I have used their nigrosine black many times. Avoid two-part wood bleach that contains sodium hydroxide and hydrogen peroxide; it will bleach the natural red color of the maple. I truly love floors that have been stained black. Wipe off the mineral spirits or turpentine solvent and dirt with paper towels or soft, lint-free cloths. It can cause scratches that stand out when the wood is re-finished. Vacuum the entire floor twice with the shop vac. Having said that, DIY maple floor staining can be tricky, and often best left to the pros. This is exactly what Darin was trying to do. I have used Minwax polyurethane on floors before and with superb results, though I tend toward other products these days. You are unlikely to reach a deep or very dark black over a light wood (maple) with stains alone. Lots more work. I do not want to see you waste your time and money for naught, though I feel it is not complicated. Soft maple is also often referred to as "tiger maple" for the tiger-like stripes in the wood, or curly maple if the stripes are a bit more of the curly nature. If it’s still darker than the rest of the floor, apply a second coat. Jan 25, 2017 - Discover the magic of the internet at Imgur, a community powered entertainment destination. Question Does pretty good for me. I didn't include any exterior stains or "weathering" treatments in this test, but I might do a second round in the future. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. The floor should take on a soft sheen. I am trying to get a dark ebony or black finish on a new maple hardwood floor. Clean spotty dark stains by using the stain-removal process on the entire plane -- top, side or drawer front -- where you find the stain. It made the stains less obvious, and gave the floors an overall even color. One easy combo ebony is to first use dye stain with Lockwood water based ebony, let dry, then use minwax ebony (oil)stain. Regular upkeep of your floors is truly the best way to catch every little stain before it turns black. So I got most of that, but not all of it, out and put on other coat down, but went to a plain fast dry Minwax poly, applied fairly thick with a lambskin applicator. If you accidentally lighten the floor too much, use a wood stain that matches the floor to restore the color. Water stains are capable of going darker than oil stains, but even so, to get very dark, you are likely to need some pigmented glaze (AKA tinted clearcoat) to block more light. Staining and topcoating are really two different applications. The finish is dark, but in the sunlight the poly gives it a bit of a gold or brown hue instead of a more true black to charcoal I was trying for. If you screen before staining, be aware that the screen marks will show in any dark stain color. Many consider this a nice, contemporary “Scandinavian” look. However, after just a few years the maple yellows considerably, and loses the nice, bright, new appearance. So do wash off any loose stain with a rag dampened with mineral spirits. The 4th option for super dark or black floors is aniline dye. Stained/colored floors should be uniform in color. Blotchy stain or colorant is when there is the appearance of an inconsistent color from one area of a finished floor to another. Step 10: Apply Maple Stain. It does get pretty dark, though on maple you may want another layer of color to get as dark as you'd like. You can dilute the peroxide with water at first, worki… And "several coats of stain" is not cool. The dye provides a dark, dramatic and upscale look. Soaked two cotton pads with peroxide & laid on stain for 2 full days, checking every 8 hrs or so to be sure the wood was ok. Often this is simply a physical property of the wood species itself (such as maple, black cherry, and pine), whereby it does not evenly accept stain or colorant. Additionally, damp-mop the floor with a wood-cleaning product a few times a year. I just purchased some Rubio Monocoat 2C. You need to be extra careful with the sanding because any imperfections will be highlighted once you start staining and finishing the maple floor. (Finishing Forum) Before settling on a color, do a trial of different stains (or stain combinations, if you want to create your own blend) on sample boards closely matched to the wood in the existing floor. Also if I should use the same product or an even slower drying one for a more uniform finish, and if there is a product that I can put down over the current solvent based poly surface that can be dyed to get rid of or hide the goldish/brownish tint and get back to a truer black tone. ft. floor in the same manner, would I tell you to go ahead with the process as outlined. With a damp cloth, water and bleach, vinegar, hydrogen peroxide, and mineral spirits, the stains should lighten and stop tarnishing your flooring. And the saga goes on. Minwax has been pretty lax in the quality control of some products (notably their stains) and this has left many professionals with an aversion to their products in general. Check for leaks, pull up your tile and look. Soak a clean rag in vinegar and place the rag onto the stain. So now I also had lots of very small fibers in the surface, particularly in certain areas I had to try and sand out. The term soft maple is a bit of a comparative misnomer, as soft maple is harder than many other hardwoods (such as cherry). If the maple has streaks, you may need to apply more bleach or sand it further to get to an even-colored layer. It was time to stain the floors. I like to get the colors buried in the finish and to keep the topcoat clear or very slightly tinted. As to grit, I would use 240 or 220 between coats, and the wood floor I would final sand to 150 or 180, but you may experiment with that on samples to see what works best for you. Make sure you follow the steps that you were provided in this article w… Most but not all of the fibers are gone, but there are still some that show slightly in certain light. Floor staining is difficult, finicky work, with unpredictable results. You must make sure you follow proper sanding procedures and never skip a grit in your sanding sequence. Maple floors and blotchy stain. A number of softwoods, as well as some of the more porous hardwoods such as maple, aren't conducive to stained finishes. Step 1: Make sure the area is clean and dry. The body of the drums is usually a hardwood such as Black Walnut, Black Locust, Maple, Ash, Oak, Cherry. The stain is water soluble and will be picked up by the waterbase clear if you apply it directly on it. Hardwood floors can definitely become a hassle if they get black stains. I applied the stain by hand with a lambswool applicator and rag. Then we were getting the floors soft. Are aniline dyes or paints options, and if so, what types and what would be the best application and finishing technique? Remember, prevention is key! Let's find out. GREAT TIP – HUGE THANKS. I used a flat artificial application pad. Test an application of hydrogen peroxide in an inconspicuous area of the floor. I chose to stain the floor Special Walnut because it was a good medium shade between the raw wood and the dark water stains. You may need to work in sections for larger stains and apply the vinegar multiple times to see stain lightening. It's blotchy, thick and dark in some areas and lighter in other areas. I hope this helps somebody that's looking to stain Maple. Water stains are capable of going darker than oil stains, but even so, to get very dark, you are likely to need some pigmented glaze (AKA tinted clearcoat) to block more light. Wipe the wood with distilled water several times to rinse the bleach from the wood. The Maple Flooring Manufacturers Association warns that stains and bleaches may make blotches on hardwood maple, so test chemicals on an inconspicuous area before using them. You could also mix some clear polyurethane with your stain to make a glaze of it (at least 50 percent polyurethane), though this is a thinner and weaker glaze... not so good if you want much more darkening. Minwax stains have a fair amount of binder in them, so maybe not much will come off and that is okay... loose stuff is not so good. Sanding the wood to 600 grit exacerbated the problem by burnishing the surface of the wood; rendering it even less able to absorb the stain than if you had stopped sanding at 180 or 220 grit. I do like the idea of being able to go a little finer with the sanding and bring grain back to accept the oil. In addition some of their products have characteristics designed to make things easier for beginners but which are not attractive to professional users. Moisture, chemicals and even fungus can migrate through finishes to make black marks. You are unlikely to reach a deep or very dark black over a light wood (maple) with stains alone. Second mistake... Make sure you use a lambskin applicator! By pre-sealing the wood with shellac, you can even out the color absorption. As to urethane/varnish/tongue oil/shellac/wax/clear coats, keep this in mind - all will go over this dyeing process, but you cannot use a waterbase material as the first coat. Also, which product is most likely to support additional tinting if necessary? Sand the wood until the dark stain fades. Then, take an old towel and rub the entire surface of the maple wood that is to be painted with the mixture. Fortunately, maple is a hard wood with tight grain, so stains tend to sit on its surface. It tend to absorb stain unevenly which leads to a blotchy look. For the 2nd sanding, the floor guys said … And by this, I don’t mean very dark wood floors, or black painted floors – it has to really be a stain finish to get the rich, deep effect that I love. Most unfortunate is a piece of maple that has been stained with a dark pigment that dulls its lively surface. Stains are not layerable. Wipe the surface with mineral spirits and allow it to dry before sanding. Scrub the area in light circular motions with fine steel wool if the black stain begins to fade -- if you’re lucky, this may remove a mark. How to remove black water stains from wood floors. When the color is right, and the floor …
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